Vaping: The diseases and controversies, such as the number of fatalities is on the rise – CNET

Vaping: The diseases and controversies, such as the number of fatalities is on the rise – CNET

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E-cigarette manufacturers in the hope to remain in the market, to submit a premarket tobacco product application to the FDA as part of the Agency in the evolving regulation of the vaping industry.


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In the last few months, thousands of people landed in the hospital due to a severe lung disease and other died of health problems after vaping  – and at least 42 people. It is clear to understand that we are just starting the dangers of vaping.

E-cigarettes hit the U.S. market more than a decade, touted as a safer alternative to traditional tobacco cigarettes. However, to gain really traction until 2015, when Juul Labs (then part of Pax Labs) debuted its discreet USB-size evaporator and quickly became the industry leader.

The result was a rise in vaping, especially among adolescents and young adults, a segment of the population, which, until then, were using less tobacco products, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2016, the Food and Drug Administration to rules in the rule extending its authority to all tobacco products, including e-cigarettes, the effects of which are still to play today.

Below, we go through what happened in the past year, as health officials and the vaping industry is trying to adapt within this rapidly changing regulatory environment.

Nov. 19, 2019 — New York attorney General accuses Juul Labs

New York Attorney General Letitia James filed a lawsuit against Juul Labs on Nov. 19, accusing the company of using misleading marketing practices that specifically target minors and misleading the consumer about the safety of their products. James said, the e-cigarette maker has countless New Yorkers at risk by glamorizing vaping, and that his “aggressive advertising has greatly contributed to the public health crisis.”

Juul spokesman Austin Finan said the company is reviewing the complaint, but added that Juul is committed to continue to cooperate with the attorneys General, regulators, and officials of the public health to combat underage vaping, and convert adult smokers of traditional cigarettes.

“As part of this process, we exposed recently stopped accepting orders for our Mint JUULpods in the US, all broadcast, print and digital product advertising in the U.S. and invest in scientific research to develop the quality of our FDA Premarket tobacco product application and the expansion of our involvement, the new technology for the reduction of youth use,” Finan said in an E-Mail statement. “Our customer base is the world’s 1 billion adult smokers and we have no intention to attract underage users.”

Nov. 18, 2019 — Vaping death toll rises to 42; Trump back supposedly down on flavoured vapes ban; White house says, there is an ongoing rulemaking process “

is says”The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that 42 deaths have now been confirmed in 24 States and the District of Columbia as of Nov. 13. The CDC also reports that there is 2,172 cases of vaping-related lung damage. These “EVALI” cases have occurred in every state except Alaska. Also cases have been reported in the District of Columbia and two U.S. territories,  Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands. EVALI stands for e-cigarette, or vaping, product use associated lung injury. 

U.S. President Donald Trump has reportedly backed down from the ban of flavored vaping products. According to The “New York Times” Trump “resisted forward” with the spell because of “the potential pushback of his followers.”

“President Trump and the management are committed to, responsibility said, conscious of the protection of the health of children,” Judd Deere, a spokesman for the White house, CNET in an emailed statement. “At this time, we are in an ongoing rulemaking process, and I’m not going to speculate on the final outcome.”

Nov. 13, 2019 — Teen-with injuries of the lung gets double-lung transplant

A 17-year-old boy received a double-lung transplant last month, according to the damage caused by vaping left in his lungs scarred, stiffened and pocked with dead spots, according to a report in The New York Times. Dr. Hassan Nemeh, lead the surgical team at the Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, told the Times that the young man would have the secure face death without the surgery. The Times report said that the CT looked at the scans of the lungs of the patient, as his head was empty, prior to Transplantation. Normal lungs appear dark on CT imaging, because they are full of air. The scan allegedly did not select a picture, because there was no air in the lungs.  

Nov. 8, 2019 — the CDC says, of vitamin E acetate could be the cause of pulmonary diseases; Washington DOH encourages processors to stop adding vitamin E acetate is reported to vaping products

Federal health officials that tests showed the lung fluid of 29 patients the presence of vitamin-E-acetate Vitamin E acetate is an additive in some of THC-containing products. The announcement officially not exclude that also other ingredients possible causes lung damage, but a report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said no other potential toxins were found in his tests. The CDC says not to recommend that people use e-cigarettes, or vaping, products, THC included.

Washington state Department of Health and its alcohol-and Cannabis-the Executive Board called on all cannabis-processing companies to “immediately stop adding vitamin E acetate to vapor products and the distribution of vapor products with vitamin E-acetate.”

“DOH and LZB are also questions of cannabis retailers, to stop immediately the sale of cannabis-containing vapor products, contain vitamin E-acetate,” they added. “All products for sale in retail stores are required to have documentation available, the lists of ingredients.”

Nov. 7, 2019 — deaths reach 39; Juul stops selling mint flavor vapes; biometric claim allegedly leveled at Juul

The CDC says that 39 deaths have now been confirmed in 24 States and the District of Columbia as of Nov. 5, and 2,051 cases of  EVALI. Three deaths occurred in the States of California, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, and Minnesota; two each in Kansas, Massachusetts, Oregon and Tennessee; and one death in Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah and Virginia, and the District of Columbia.

Juul also has sales of the mint flavor vaping stopped products in response to results from the 2019 National Youth Tobacco Survey and the Monitoring the Future survey. “These results are unacceptable, and we must, therefore, use the reset-vapor category in the United States and … control of minors,” Juul-Labs-CEO K. C. Crosthwaite said on Thursday. “We support the upcoming FDA-taste-policy and the consequences of the PMTA process.”

The mint products accounted for approximately 70% of all sales, according to a report from CNBC. In the USA, the flavors Juul are in Virginia now sells tobacco Classic, tobacco and Menthol.

Juul is also claimed, allegedly in front of a Biometric Information Privacy Act action, it uses face-matching technology without consent by the comparison of real-time photos of its users to the government IDs before you to purchase products online.

“If a customer has a photo ID, he or she is enrolled loads, Juul, the face detection database(s) with the photos provided, one of which Juul with third-party facial recognition software to  create a scan of his face according to the geometry of ID available,” reported the complaint claims.

The lawsuit Juul claims not properly inform customers about the collection, storage and use of your facial data; non-public guidelines, released for permanently destroy data, not to reveal the consent of users, their facial geometry to third parties; and not a written release from the client.

Nov. 1, 2019 — China prohibits the online sale of e-cigarettes; Trump administration, according to reports in the ban of flavored vapes&nbsp considers;

China has banned according to reports, the online sale of e-cigarettes in the midst of the growing number of deaths due to a mysterious lung disease associated with vaping. A statement by China’s State Tobacco Monopoly Administration and the State administration for the regulation of the market, discovered by Bloomberg, said that all websites and apps to sell e-cigarettes, they should be switched off. In addition, all online marketing campaigns, must stop. 

US President, Donald Trump administration, according to reports, a ban of flavored vaping is considering products. Only tobacco and menthol flavors would be spared because they are less attractive for young people, which informed after Axios report Friday, who said Trump was Thursday by senior health officials.

trump could have said an announcement in the next week, Axios, citing unnamed sources. She added that the FDA is also expected that guidelines in the next week. The White house did not immediately respond to a request for comment, while the FDA said, there is nothing more to add.

Oct. 31, 2019 — the death toll rises to 37, the youngest of the deceased patient was 17, CDC says

In the span of a week, a further three people died from vaping disease, the CDC said. As Of Oct. 29, the number of deaths in 24 States. The median age of deceased patients is 53, but the youngest was 17 years old, the CDC. More deaths are also under investigation.

There were 1,888 cases of EVALI, the CDC. The median age of the patients is 24, but the youngest is just 13, and 70% of patients are male.

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Oct. 29, 2019 — lawsuit alleges Juul shipped at least one million infected e-cigarettes-in sleeves

Juul is reportedly facing a lawsuit from a former employee who claims the company sent at least 1 million contaminated-e-cigarette-pods earlier this year, but declined to say the customer, or issue a recall.

Juul denies the allegations. In an E-Mail statement on Oct. 30. Juul Labs speaker explained that the security issues raised in the lawsuit “meritless” and that the company was “already investigating the underlying manufacturing Problem and determined the product complies with all applicable requirements.”

Oct. 28, 2019 — Juul, allegedly, the dismissal of 500 as vaping deaths to 34

Juul rise 500 jobs cut by the end of the year, according to a report from The Wall Street Journal, citing sources. The news comes as the CDC says, it got 34 deaths and 1,604 lung injury cases from Oct. 22.

Oct. 17, 2019 — deaths 33, THC blame for the majority of the cases

announced by The CDC on Oct. 17 that as of Oct. 15, 33 deaths, in 24 States in the US. There 1,479 lung injury cases were, with every state except Alaska, as well as in the District of Columbia and a U.S. territory. 

the majority of The illnesses were purchased with the vaping products with THC, especially those from the street or from illegal traders.

Speaking to a house appropriations sub-Committee on Oct. 16, a CDC official said the disease is “deadly or potentially deadly, with half of the cases, the reported intensive care”, CNBC. EVALI is even worse when flu season hits, will Schuchat, the report cited CDC Principal Deputy Director, Anne, to say.

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Oct. 9, 2019 — Washington state for allegedly selling flavored vapes

The Washington state Board of Health prohibits has allegedly chosen to temporarily ban the sale of nicotine and THC taste vaping asked products two weeks after Gov. Jay Inslee, the state of emergency in an executive order. The management Board unanimously decides, Q13Fox reported, and the ban will come into force this week and take four months.

The Washington Department of health did not respond immediately to a request for comment.

Oct. 7, 2019 — Massachusetts reported its first vaping in connection with the death; nationwide deaths reach reported 18

Massachusetts health officials that a 60-year-old woman who vaped nicotine has died. This is the first vaping in connection with the death in the state, according to The Boston Globe. The Department of Public health is to examine what products they used and where they came from. The woman’s identity was not made available to the public. 

as of Oct. 1, the CDC reported 18 deaths in 15 States.

Sept. 27, 2019 — San Joaquin County DA investigation Juul starts; FDA Commissioner tweets about vaping investigation

Tori Verber Salazar, district attorney of San Joaquin County, near the San Francisco Bay Area, told CNET in your office has launched an investigation into vaping giant Juul, because “too many minors with” the products of the company. One in four high school students are now “vaping,” she said, not to mention a Minor who is in a coma with “the lungs of a 70-year-old man.”

Juul marketed, the young people said due to its colourful displays and fun flavors such as bubble gum, Verber Salazar. The company was built, “on the heart and lungs and the brain and damage” it causes to the youth with its very addictive narcotic products, she added. Call Juul actions “organized criminal behavior,” she said of the DA’s office to look, both civil and criminal actions against the company, including a possible class-action lawsuit.

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Juul shares Verber Salazar “concerns about the youth “vaping,” a company spokesman said in an emailed statement on Friday afternoon. “We welcome the opportunity to cooperate and share information about our commitment to the elimination of combustible cigarettes and our aggressive, industry-leading measures to combat youth use of that,” says the spokesman, pointing to Juul shut down their social media accounts, and more-sale on flavored pods.

Also speaking on Friday, Commissioner Ned Sharpless of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration tweeted that the “vaping” investigation “a top priority” for the FDA, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and state and local health organizations. “We are working to identify what makes people sick & follow the supply chain to the source,” tweeted Sharpless. “The FDA is prepared to the full extent of our authorities, on what facts.”

According to the CDC, the latest update on the investigation against vaping lung injury, “THC products play a role in the outbreak.” The CDC national report found that, of the 514 patients interviewed, 77% had included the products used THC, 36% had only THC-vapes, and 16% had used nicotine-only vapes.

Sept. 26, 2019 — Vaping lung cases, to reach an 805 with at least 12 deaths is known, CDC says attributed,

According to the latest information from the U.S. centers for disease control and prevention, the number of cases of a mysterious lung disease, vaping has increased from 52% in the last week, bringing the total number of cases, 805, CNBC reported. Today, 12 people died and patients who were found, in 46 States.

The death are two in California, two in Kansas and one each in Georgia, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, and Oregon. The median age of patients is 23 years old, and two-thirds of patients are male.

Sept. 25, 2019 — Juul CEO steps down, as a vaping company founded all U.S. advertising

Kevin Burns, the co-Juul, is replaced by K. C. Crosthwaite, managing Director for the cigarette maker Altria. Juul also said it would suspend all broadcast, print and digital advertising in the US, and has promised “to refrain from lobbying” the trump administration on their proposal to ban flavored e-cigarettes.

Sept. 24, 2019 — California warns of a “sudden injury to the lung”

The California Department of Public Health released a health warning, which warns the citizens of the “immediate risks for public health due to vaping each and every product.” He said he received reports of 90 people in California with a history of vaping is to the hospital complaints, and damage to the lungs, delivers “heavy breathing” since June.

said Two people have died in California, the state public health Department. The Advisory added that everyone should vaping stop, “no matter the substance or the source.” If people vaping still “” you should never change a vaping product, or buy from the street, it said. < p> “Vaping” which “suddenly, lung damage seems to be,” the health Department said. Symptoms that may be associated to vaping are cough, chest pain, difficulty breathing, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, fatigue, fever and weight loss.

adolescents and young adults make up nearly half of the hospitalized with breathing problems from vaping, according to the Department of health. And 30% of the people had to be treated in hospital in California with a mechanical fan — in other words, you were alive in the intensive care unit.   

Sept. 20, 2019 — Walmart announces the sale of e-cigarettes 

citing “regulatory complexity” and “uncertainty” around the e-cigarette, Walmart said it will stop selling the products, according to a new report from CNBC. Earlier this year, the company is of the required age raised to buy tobacco were set to 21 and the sale of fruit and dessert nicotine flavors. 

Tobacco Free Campus

The University of California, San Francisco, was ahead of the curve. It was a smoke – and tobacco-free campus since Aug. 1, 2017.


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Sept. 19, 2019 — Vaping criminal probe announced by the FDA as diseases 530

to rise, said the health officials from the Centers for Disease Control, the number of cases of vaping-related lung disease has risen 530 in 38 States. The Washington Post reported, the Food and Drug Administration revealed a criminal investigation into the outbreak. Seven people have died of the disease so far. The FDA has collected more than 150 samples from patients all over the country and now the analysis on the presence of cutting agents and other substances.

Sept. 16, 2019 — Three confirmed cases of severe lung diseases in connection with the “vaping” in Washington

The Washington State Department of Health confirmed two new cases of serious pulmonary diseases in connection with the “vaping”, bringing the total number of confirmed cases across the country to three. The two new cases, which is a patient in the Teens, and the other in her 20s. All three of the confirmed cases, vaping reported prior to the onset of her illness, but the Department has not yet identified a common product, device, or additive, among the three, although the investigations are ongoing. 

“The symptoms of this patient are consistent with what the Centers for Disease Control and prevention asked all state and local health jurisdictions, said on the search in terms of the Federal investigation in this matter,” Washington State Health Officer Kathy Lofy, in a press release. “This is now a state-wide outbreak.”

Sept. 12, 2019 — photos of severe lung damage Juul reveals also occur due to ads, despite the FDA warning

A collection of photos from Business Insider by doctors and researchers to demonstrate what are believed to be the severe effects of vaping-related lung damage. The images include those of a California teenager who underwent surgery to remove a bladder collapsed his lungs after he used a cannabis vape he bought at a concert. Other photos show the pattern, the fabric is already of researchers, including inflammation, damage to the alveoli (or lungs air bags), and particles of fat in the lung. The surgeons quoted in the article said they could not confirm that the injuries and illnesses were definitely caused by vaping.

said, Despite a warning from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration last week, Juul spokesman for CNBC is the company you will continue to lead the “Make the Switch” campaign, the positions of vaping as a safer alternative to cigarettes. The company is not required to get FDA approval, before claiming that a product is safer than cigarettes, but said an application for such a permit, CNBC. 

Sept. 9, 2019 — FDA called Juul for the use vaping is safer than other tobacco products

the FDA has raised concerns Juul on some question worthy of marketing, suggested that Juul the vaporizer is safer than other tobacco products. What is worse, high school students testified to demand before the Congress, that a company rep told them that Juul is “absolutely safe.”  

Vaping among teenagers

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Sept. 6, 2019 — Two more deaths, and the CDC warning

confirmed, health officials in Minnesota, that a 65-year-old person died in August after a long stay in hospital from the severe damage to the lungs. The person had a history of underlying lung disease, but the lung injury was illegal in connection with vaping, THC products. (THC is the component in marijuana that gets people high.) The lung damage progressed to other conditions, ABC-5 reported on Friday. The Minnesota Department of health said the transmitter, the state has 17 patients to date, were already classified as confirmed or possible cases. 15 more cases are investigated.

The first death in Los Angeles county related to vaping, it was reported that on the same day, ABC-7. The County has reported that in 12 cases “of vaping-associated pulmonary injury” to date, according to the Department of Public health. 

The CDC also released a statement about his studies and said not a single product is linked to all the cases of the lung disease. Many of the patients reported recent use of products containing of THC, while some reported the use of the products, with THC and nicotine. A smaller group said that they used nicotine only. 

Illinois sen Dick Durbin sent a letter to Ned Sharpless, acting Commissioner for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, demanding action. Durbin said the FDA should vaping, you send letters to all the schools in the United States and warned of the health consequences related to. He appealed, moreover, to prohibit the Agency, e-cigarette flavors, other than tobacco, and prohibition of e-cigarette devices, not yet approved by the FDA.  

“If Dr. Sharpless does not take action in the next 10 days, to call I the plan, which called for his resignation. Enough is enough,” Durbin tweeted. 

Sept. 5, 2019 — Indiana reports vaping in connection with the death of 

A third life was claimed by a severe lung injury associated with vaping, The Wall Street Journal confirmed. After the news of the individual’s death, Federal health authorities urged people to stop e-cigarette products, while you are reviewing about 450 cases of the mysterious illness in 33 States.

Sept. 4, 2019 — A second vaping-related death

Severe lung diseases associated with vaping took a different life, according to The New York Times. The unidentified person was admitted to the hospital, after vaping THC purchased a product at an Oregon recreational marijuana shop, the Times said. The patient was “otherwise healthy and quick very ill,” a public health physician and lead investigator in the case told the newspaper. 

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Aug. 30, 2019 — CDC: do not buy vaping products from the road, and not change

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “the unusual step” of making recommendations regarding vaping and e-cigarette products, The New York Times reported. The CDC vaping recommendations relate to the General public, doctors and officials of the public health. Under the advice for the public: “who uses the e-cigarette products you should not buy these products, off the road (e.g., e-cigarette products with THC, other cannabinoids) and should not be e modify-cigarette products, or do not add any substances to these products, which is provided by the manufacturer.” The CDC also said, he had done previously, the “e-should not be used cigarette products from youth, young adults, pregnant women, and for adults who do not currently use tobacco products.”

Aug. 29, 2019 — FTC investigation Juul marketing practices

The Federal Trade Commission has launched an investigation into whether Juul-year practiced deceptive marketing, including the targeting of minors and financial damage can search, according to a report from The Wall Street Journal.

Aug. 28, 2019 — Juul managing Director of respiratory disease cases are ‘torturous’

Juul CEO Kevin Burns says calls the new string of lung diseases, may be associated with vaping “cause for concern”, and urges to avoid smokers, with Juul. “If in the interview there is any indication that there is a negative health condition in terms of our product, I think we would act very quickly,” Burns said in a CBS This Morning.

Aug. 23, 2019 — Illinois reports of patients dying after vaping

The Illinois Department of Public Health, said a person who had “recently vaped and died hospitalized with severe respiratory disease”. Death is, perhaps, the first bound vaping in the United States, according to the Associated Press.

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Juul Labs was founded from former smokers, with the goal of the elimination of cigarettes, according to the company’s mission statement.


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Aug. 20, 2019 — Juul Labs leaves Vapor Technology Association

Six days after the VTA filed a lawsuit against the FDA, which announced Juul Labs that it will not renew its membership in the industry group, citing differences on “critical issues.”

Aug. 19, 2019 — health officials report more than 150 people were hospitalized

state and Federal health officials report that 153 people-many of them young adults -who had been treated in 16 States, respiratory problems, occurred after vaping.

Aug. 19, 2019 — Juul Labs sued over marketing practices

sued A 19-year-old Juul user, the company for targeting minors and using misleading marketing practices, namely practices that led to his nicotine addiction. The lawsuit also called the tobacco giant Philip Morris and its parent company Altria, a Juul investor.

Aug. 17, 2019 — CDC opens probe into vaping-related lung disease

state and Federal health officials, to explore a team, whether e-cigarettes cause severe pulmonary problems in, 153 people (and counting).

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The CDC says, “the e-cigarette products should not be used, the youth, young adults, pregnant women, and for adults who do not currently use tobacco products.”


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Aug. 16, 2019 — investors still bullish on Juul Labs

Juul Labs raised another $325 million from investors, despite the health and legal concerns, according to regulatory filings.

Aug. 14, 2019 — Vaping industry group sues FDA

The Vapor Technology Association, which represents hundreds of vaping companies, the lawsuit against the FDA in order to delay the regulatory authorities review of e-cigarettes currently on the market.

Aug. 7, 2019 — the FDA says that it received 127 reports of vaping-related seizures

the FDA released a statement saying, it is now received a total of 127 reports of seizure or other neurological symptoms, such as fainting, or trembling that it after vaping between 2010 and 2019.

July 26, 2019 — WHO global tobacco epidemic report

In a report by the world health organization calls for more research and regulation of e-cigarettes and, in particular, the name Juul, one of the new players in the industry that “continues to undermine tobacco control.”

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at the beginning of September, the CDC made a statement about his studies and said not a single product linked to lung disease, is published in all the cases. 


Europa Press-News

24. July 2019 — Facebook, Instagram of e-cigarette contents

Facebook issues a new Directive limiting to limit sales and limit of the content with respect to alcohol and tobacco products, including e-cigarettes, on Facebook and Instagram.

23. July 2019 — FDA launches anti-vaping ads to combat teen vaping

The FDA launches new anti-vaping Spots as a part of The Real costs of the Agency’s nearly $60 million Smoking-prevention campaign. In the TV commercial, a street magician tricks, you need to educate young people about the risks of using e-cigarettes uses.

12. July 2019 — E-cigarette-marketing-application deadline set

A U.S. district court judge in Maryland gave to deliver cigarette companies to may 12, 2020, tobacco premarket applications to the FDA for approval.

25. June 2019 — San Francisco prohibits e-cigarette

San Francisco, the home of Juul-Central, will ban the first city in the United States, the sale of e-cigarettes.

3. April 2019 — FDA announces investigation into possible connection between the seizures and vaping

The FDA informed the public that it has received reports of people going through a seizure after the use of e-cigarettes.

27. March 2019 — health expert sue FDA over the delay of the e-cigarette review

Seven of the public health and medical groups, and several pediatricians, a lawsuit against the FDA for the following the right conditions, if the Agency is the e-cigarette companies gave more time to submit their products for review.

13. March 2019 — FDA restricts the sale of flavored tobacco products

the FDA issues new guidelines to restrict the sale of most flavored tobacco products, including e-cigarettes, in convenience stores, gas stations, and pharmacies. The FDA also requires that all e-cigarette manufacturers to submit applications to their products comply with current regulations, the of Aug. 8, 2021.

Nov. 18, 2018 — Juul Labs shut down social media accounts

After the FDA is concerned that Juul is luring in underage users, the company shut down, Facebook and Instagram accounts, and the limits of their Twitter presence to “non-commercial communications only.”

Sept. 31, 2018 — FDA inspectors to seize documents from Juul Labs HQ

The FDA conducted an unannounced inspection of Juul Labs ” in San Francisco, headquarters, search for more information about the company’s sales and marketing practices. Inspectors have collected “over a thousand pages of documents,” the Agency said.

Sept. 12, 2018 — FDA calls teen vaping an “epidemic”

Dr. Scott Gottlieb, the FDA Commissioner at the time, issues a statement calling the teen vaping an “epidemic” and calls upon the e-cigarette industry, the problem or the danger that their flavored products withdrawn from the market.

published Aug. 23 and updated as new developments occur. 

CNET ‘ s Alison DeNisco Rayome, Rae Hodge, and Sean contributed to Keane this report. 


note: The information in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. You can always consult with a physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you can aim about a medical condition, or the health. 

Released on Tue, 19 November 2019 16:33:00 +0000

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